Trans-European transport network TEN-T
The TEN-T network has a dual-layer structure comprising a core network and a comprehensive network. The core network is scheduled for completion by the end of 2030, and the comprehensive network by the end of 2050.
History of the TEN-T network
Regulation (EU) No 1315/2103 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Union Guidelines on the development of the trans-European Transport Network and Regulation (EU) No 1316/2013 establishing the Connecting Europe Facility were adopted in December 2013. The TEN-T guidelines determine projects included in the trans-European transport network and projects of common interest. The guidelines identify the requirements and development priorities to be set for the transport network, as well as the instruments for its implementation. The proposal for the guidelines also contains the maps of transport networks, defined on the basis of criteria.
Finnish core networks and the comprehensive network in Finland
The total length of the national comprehensive road/rail network is approximately 8,800 kilometres, of which the share of the core network is 2,460 kilometres. The core network comprises the waterways of Saimaa, the Helsinki node, the airports of Helsinki and Turku, the ports of HaminaKotka, Helsinki, Turku and Naantali, and the combined road and rail transport terminal in Kouvola. The comprehensive network comprises 18 airports, 12 ports, one inland port and a terminal.
In addition, the TEN-T network includes Horizontal Projects; motorways of the sea, telematic applications SECAR, ITS, ERTMS, RIS and VTMIS, as well as border crossing; trans-European main axis to Russia goes through Vaalimaa (road) and Vainikkala (rail).