Automated transport will raise safety and efficiency in the transport system to a whole new level during the next decade.
This is being enabled through automation of functions that humans have previously been responsible for, especially in vehicle operation, but also in traffic management and the overall transport system operations. Traffic safety is being enhanced by eliminating human errors, and efficiency is being improved by reducing the time buffer required for human activities (such as the minimum distance kept from other vehicles). The Finnish Transport Agency is continually automating its own operations and, within its area of responsibility, the agency is enabling transport automation in the Finnish transport system.
In road transport, automation is progressing in many different ways towards fully automated robot cars. The car industry is developing automation by gradually increasing the number of driver back-up systems and by gradually raising the automation level. Google aims for faster progress by introducing high-level automation cars intended for urban regions. In public transport, we are moving from various kinds of people movers towards automated urban buses. In freight transport, convoys of automated lorries, where only the first lorry in the convoy has a driver, are being further developed.
In railway traffic, the degree of automation and the use of data and systems supporting decision-making are being increased to enable more effective utilisation of the railway network and traffic control.
In vessel traffic, automation is being promoted by increasing intelligent risk management, virtual infrastructure and interoperable electronic data.
More effective mobility and transport and completely new types of services are being made possible through the electronisation of data and automatic management, as well as the combining and utilising of large data masses.